Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Normally a person's blood pressure rises and falls during the day. However, when blood pressure constantly stays higher than normal, a person is considered to have hypertension.
Because hypertension can cause damage to the blood vessels and filters in the kidney, it is a leading cause and consequence of kidney disease.
Kidney failure in patients with hypertension has many causes, including hypertensive nephrosclerosis.
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